Arora, V. K. et al. Carbon emission limits required to satisfy future representative concentration pathways of greenhouse gases. Geophys. Res. Lett. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL046270 (2011).
Tutak, M. & Brodny, J. Renewable energy consumption in economic sectors in the EU-27. The impact on economics, environment and conventional energy sources. A 20-year perspective. J. Clean. Prod. 345, 131076 (2022).
Acheampong, A. O. & Boateng, E. B. Modelling carbon emission intensity: Application of artificial neural network. J. Clean. Prod. 225, 833–856 (2019).
Zhou, L. A. Governing China’s local officials: An analysis of promotion tournament model. Econ. Res. J. 07, 36–50 (2007) (in Chinese).
Luo, Z. & Qi, B. The effects of environmental regulation on industrial transfer and upgrading and banking synergetic development—Evidence from water pollution control in the Yangtze River Basin. Econ. Res. J. 56(02), 174–189 (2021).
Blumstein, C., Krieg, B., Schipper, L. & York, C. Overcoming social and institutional barriers to energy conservation. Energy 5(4), 355–371 (1980).
Zhang, L. Energy conservation and emission reduction: An inevitable choice of China’s energy strategy. Sustain. Energy 6, 21–30 (2016).
Bhuiyan, M. A. H., Siwar, C., Ismail, S. M. & Islam, R. The role of government for ecotourism development: Focusing on east coast economic region. J. Soc. Sci. 7(4), 557 (2011).
Fan, G., Su, M. & Cao, J. An economic analysis of consumption and carbon emission responsibility. Econ. Res. J. 45(01), 4–14 (2010) (in Chinese).
Xie, J. G. & Jiang, P. S. Embodied energy in international trade of China: Calculation and decomposition. China Econ. Q. 13(04), 1365–1392 (2014) (in Chinese).
Wu, J., Cui, C., Mei, X., Xu, Q. & Zhang, P. Migration of manufacturing industries and transfer of carbon emissions embodied in trade: Empirical evidence from China and Thailand. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14674-z (2021).
Porter, M. E. & Van der Linde, C. Toward a new conception of the environment-competitiveness relationship. J. Econ. Perspect. 9(4), 97–118 (1995).
Zhang, X. P. & Cheng, X. M. Energy consumption, carbon emissions, and economic growth in China. Ecol. Econ. 68(10), 2706–2712 (2009).
Wang, B. & Liu, G. T. Energy conservation, emission reduction and green economic growth in China: From the perspective of total factor productivity. China Ind. Econ. 05, 57–69 (2015) (in Chinese).
Cheng, Y. Q., Wang, Z. Y., Zhang, S. Z., Ye, X. Y. & Jiang, H. M. Spatial econometric analysis of carbon emission intensity and its driving factors from energy consumption in China. Acta Geogr. Sin. 68(10), 1418–1431 (2013) (in Chinese).
Peng, X. & Cui, H. R. Research on the effects of energy structure adjustment in China on Carbon Intensity. J. Dalian Univ. Technol. (Soc. Sci. Ed.) 37(01), 11–16 (2016) (in Chinese).
Xiao, T. & Liu, H. Empirical research on industrial structure adjustment and energy conservation and emission reduction. Economist 09, 58–68 (2014) (in Chinese).
Sheng, P., He, Y. & Guo, X. The impact of urbanization on energy consumption and efficiency. Energy Environ. 28(7), 673–686 (2017).
Sun, H., Samuel, C. A., Amissah, J. C. K., Taghizadeh-Hesary, F. & Mensah, I. A. Non-linear nexus between CO2 emissions and economic growth: A comparison of OECD and B&R countries. Energy 212, 118637 (2020).
He, J. K. Economic analysis and effectiveness evaluation on China’s CO2 emission mitigation target. Stud. Sci. Sci. 01, 9–17 (2011) (in Chinese).
Meng, W. et al. Study on the developmental strategy of the energy saving and environmental protection industry in China. Strat. Study CAE 18(04), 1–8 (2016) (in Chinese).
He, J., Wang, M. M., Zhang, Z. L., Li, M. & Shi, H. X. Equal attention should be paid to boyh construction and operation of buildings for energy efficiency and emission reduction: Findings from current data on resource and environment loads in China’s building industry. Sci. Technol. Rev. 36(05), 8–13 (2018) (in Chinese).
Xie, C. X. & Gao, Y. B. Research on innovative development path of energy conservation and emission reduction from the perspective of low carbon economy. China Resour. Compr. Util. 37(12), 92–94 (2019) (in Chinese).
Dong, J. F., Deng, C., Wang, X. M. & Zhang, X. L. Multilevel index decomposition of energy-related carbon emissions and their decoupling from economic growth in Northwest China. Energies 9(9), 680 (2016).
Duan, Y. Q. & Xu, S. L. Command-based environmental regulation and heavy polluters’ investment: incentive or disincentive? A quasi-Natural experiment based on the new environmental protection law. J. Financ. Dev. Res. 07, 54–61 (2021) (in Chinese).
Cai, W. & Xu, F. The impact of the new environmental protection law on eco-innovation: Evidence from green patent data of Chinese listed companies. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 29(7), 10047–10062 (2022).
Ning, Y. et al. Energy conservation and emission reduction path selection in China: A simulation based on bi-level multi-objective optimization model. Energy Policy 137, 111116 (2020).
Hughes, S., Giest, S. & Tozer, L. Accountability and data-driven urban climate governance. Nat. Clim. Change 10(12), 1085–1090 (2020).
Feng, L., Chen, Z. & Chen, H. Does the central environmental protection inspectorate accountability system improve environmental quality?. Sustainability 14(11), 6575 (2022).
Ulucak, R. How do environmental technologies affect green growth? Evidence from BRICS economies. Sci. Total Environ. 712, 136504 (2020).
Shahbaz, M., Raghutla, C., Chittedi, K. R., Jiao, Z. & Vo, X. V. The effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth: Evidence from the renewable energy country attractive index. Energy 207, 118162 (2020).
Yang, Y. & Niu, X. Impact of the new “Environmental Protection Law” on the efficiency of listed companies in heavily polluting industries in China: Based on the research perspective of “Porter Hypothesis”. Manag. Rev. 33(10), 55–69 (2021).
Wong, C. W., Wong, C. Y., Boon-Itt, S. & Tang, A. K. Strategies for building environmental transparency and accountability. Sustainability 13(16), 9116 (2021).
Liu, Z. et al. Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China. Nature 524(7565), 335–338 (2015).
Litman, T. Comprehensive evaluation of energy conservation and emission reduction policies. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 47, 153–166 (2013).
Zhou, P., Ang, B. W. & Han, J. Y. Total factor carbon emission performance: A Malmquist index analysis. Energy Econ. 32(1), 194–201 (2010).
Steg, L. Promoting household energy conservation. Energy Policy 36(12), 4449–4453 (2008).
Yang, Q. & Liu, H. J. Regional difference decomposition and influence factors of China’s carbon dioxide emissions. J. Quant. Tech. Econ. 29(05), 36–49 (2012) (in Chinese).
Yao, L. J. & Sun, C. Y. Italy’s low carbon economic development policy. Sci. Technol. Ind. China 11, 58–60 (2007) (in Chinese).
Li, L. et al. Energy conservation and emission reduction policies for the electric power industry in China. Energy Policy 39(6), 3669–3679 (2011).
Dong, F. et al. Drivers of carbon emission intensity change in China. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 129, 187–201 (2018).
Li, X., Hu, Z., Cao, J. & Xu, X. The impact of environmental accountability on air pollution: A public attention perspective. Energy Policy 161, 112733 (2022).
Ehrlich, P. R. & Holdren, J. P. Impact of Population Growth: Complacency concerning this component of man’s predicament is unjustified and counterproductive. Science 171(3977), 1212–1217 (1971).
York, R., Rosa, E. A. & Dietz, T. STIRPAT, IPAT and ImPACT: Analytic tools for unpacking the driving forces of environmental impacts. Ecol. Econ. 46(3), 351–365 (2003).
Shao, S., Yang, L. L. & Cao, J. H. Study on influencing of CO2 emissions from industrial energy consumption: An empirical analysis based on STIRPAT model and industrial sectors’ dynamic panel data in Shanghai. J. Finance Econ. 36(11), 16–27 (2010) (in Chinese).
Tseng, S. W. Analysis of energy-related carbon emissions in Inner Mongolia, China. Sustainability 11(24), 7008 (2019).
Lin, B. & Ouyang, X. Analysis of energy-related CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions and reduction potential in the Chinese non-metallic mineral products industry. Energy 68, 688–697 (2014).
Wang, D., He, W. & Shi, R. How to achieve the dual-control targets of China’s CO2 emission reduction in 2030? Future trends and prospective decomposition. J. Clean. Prod. 213, 1251–1263 (2019).
Card, D., & Krueger, A. B. Minimum wages and employment: A case study of the fast food industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania (1993).
Abadie, A. & Gardeazabal, J. The economic costs of conflict: A case study of the Basque Country. Am. Econ. Rev. 93(1), 113–132 (2003).
Kaul, A., Klößner, S., Pfeifer, G. & Schieler, M. Standard synthetic control methods: The case of using all preintervention outcomes together with covariates. J. Bus. Econ. Stat. 40(3), 1362–1376 (2022).
Lin, B. Q. & Li, J. L. Transformation of China’s energy structure under environmental governance constraints: A peak value analysis of coal and carbon dioxide. Soc. Sci. China 09, 84–107 (2015) (in Chinese).
Long, X., Naminse, E. Y., Du, J. & Zhuang, J. Nonrenewable energy, renewable energy, carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth in China from 1952 to 2012. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 52, 680–688 (2015).
Zhang, W., Zhu, Q. G. & Gao, H. Upgrading of industrial structure, optimizing of energy structure, and low carbon development of industrial system. Econ. Res. J. 51(12), 62–75 (2016) (in Chinese).
Wen, Z., Zhang, L., Hou, J. & Liu, H. Mediating effect test procedure and it application. Acta Psychol. Sin. 36(5), 614–620 (2004).
He, Y., Yu, W. L. & Yang, M. Z. CEOs with rich career experience, corporate risk-taking and the value of enterprises. China Ind. Econ. 09, 155–173 (2019) (in Chinese).
Zhou, D. Q., Wang, Q., Su, B., Zhou, P. & Yao, L. X. Industrial energy conservation and emission reduction performance in China: A city-level nonparametric analysis. Appl. Energy 166, 201–209 (2016).
Waheed, R., Sarwar, S. & Wei, C. The survey of economic growth, energy consumption and carbon emission. Energy Rep. 5, 1103–1115 (2019).
Yang, Y., Zhou, Y., Poon, J. & He, Z. China’s carbon dioxide emission and driving factors: A spatial analysis. J. Clean. Prod. 211, 640–651 (2019).
Apergis, N. & Payne, J. E. Coal consumption and economic growth: Evidence from a panel of OECD countries. Energy Policy 38(3), 1353–1359 (2010).
Mujtaba, A., Jena, P. K., Bekun, F. V. & Sahu, P. K. Symmetric and asymmetric impact of economic growth, capital formation, renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on environment in OECD countries. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 160, 112300 (2022).
Wolde-Rufael, Y. Coal consumption and economic growth revisited. Appl. Energy 87(1), 160–167 (2010).