Given the rise in global warming, making ecologically sensible choices and combating climate change are crucial . EVs are one such environmentally responsible solution. The global automobile industry is undergoing a paradigm shift as it tries to switch to alternate, less energy-intensive solutions. The rise in oil import prices, rising pollution, and worldwide commitments to combat global climate change are some of the main reasons behind India’s recent actions to quicken the switch to e-mobility. At the Conference of the Parties 26 (COP26) Summit, India vowed to work toward the aspirational goal of having at least 30% of private vehicles be electric by 2030.
This industry is positioned as an appealing destination for investment, transformation, and wealth creation due to the increased emphasis on building the infrastructure, adapting to climate change, and the accompanying investment demands.
India’s current position and long-term goals in the EV sector
- The Indian automobile sector is worth about $222 billion, and the country’s EV market is anticipated to reach $2 billion in sales by 2023 and $7.09 billion by 2025. Additionally, 8% of all exports from the country come from the automotive sector. This sector accounts for 40% of the $31 billion in global research and development expenditures highlights Research and Development (R&D wing).
- As of August 2022, there were 13, 92,265 electric vehicles on Indian roads indicates data by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, India. There will probably be 45–50 million more EVs on the road by 2030.
- The automobile industry currently employs over 37 million people, and by 2030 it hopes to create 50 million direct and indirect jobs.
- Between 2022 and 2030, the EV market is projected to develop at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 49%, reaching 10 million annual sales.
- The sector received $32.84 billion in equity inflows from FDI between April 2000 and March 2022, or 6% of all FDI in stocks during that time.
India’s Shift To EV
India sold 1.04 lakh electric vehicles in the current fiscal year, compared to a total of 5.17 lakh registrations for the previous 3.5 years from 2019-2021. India saw a more than threefold growth in automobile ownership between 2001 and 2017. In India today, two-wheelers make up more than 80% of all vehicles. The change will be driven by this segment.
Initiatives taken to boost the sector
In order to put more of an emphasis on sustainable and clean mobility options, the Union Budget 2022 emphasised the significance of e-mobility by encouraging EV adoption throughout the country. It included investment plans for the electric vehicle (EV) sector up to USD 14.5 billion to support component manufacturing as well as developing a reliable charging infrastructure, including public and private charging points, battery swapping stations to eliminate issues with anxiety and long waiting times for commercial users, etc.
The Indian government has also been putting in place a number of programmes to promote the expansion of electric mobility, such as 100% FDI through the automotive route in the EV area, incubator programmes, shared facilities for prototype and small-scale production, financial support through the Credit Guarantee Scheme for Start-ups (CGSS), tax incentives, and consumer subsidies.
To expedite the use and production of (hybrid and) electric vehicles in India, the government launched the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (FAME India). Because of how damaging vehicle pollution is to the environment, switching to clean transportation is essential.
The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles scheme, which has a total budgeted commitment of Rs 10,000 crore, has been extended by the Central Government till 2024. The government is promoting manufacturing, R&D, subsidies, and scrapping to help this business. Additionally, they are making investments in the expansion of the infrastructure for charging batteries.
The NEMMP intends to accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles, invest around INR 14000 crores in R&D projects and emerging technologies, and construct essential infrastructure through public-private partnerships. The Ministry of Heavy Industry of the Government of India set the possible target and goals of the NEMMP. This was achieved through a detailed analysis of the potential interventions, which included focus group talks, expert comments, already published literature, foreign studies, and primary research carried out by the consulting company Booz & Company.
Furthermore, as efforts are being made to lessen the country’s dependency on fossil fuels, the struggle between states over EV rules is encouraging for the industry. In order to meet global climate targets, this EV adoption will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 35% from 2005 levels in the following nine years. EV sales rose last year despite the Covid-19 pandemic economic downturn.
Due to their affordability in terms of upkeep and fuel, as well as their environmental friendliness, electric vehicles have been growing in popularity for many years. Although the move to electric vehicles is well underway, infrastructure is still required. The growth of EV research, charging infrastructure, and relevant skill-development strategies must be governed and promoted by a variety of central and state government laws. We need an EV policy that will help create an atmosphere that is conducive to the switch from internal combustion engines to EVs. We require effective EV research and development policies.
By 2030, India’s focused efforts to promote shared, electrified, and connected mobility may enable our country to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by one gigatonne. The CEEW-CEF study predicts a cumulative investment requirement of approximately USD 180 billion in vehicle production and charging infrastructure in order to be able to achieve growth projections for 2030, making the aim appear improbable to be accomplished despite the greatest of intentions and efforts.
Views expressed above are the author’s own.
END OF ARTICLE